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How to bring down the temperature in a baby

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Today we’ll talk about how to quickly and effectively bring down a child’s high temperature at home. What can in no case be done at high temperatures in children, and what methods quickly help normalize body temperature.

An increase in body temperature in diseases is nothing but a response of the body to harmful pathogens. The presence of fever suggests that the immune system has embarked on a fierce fight against a multiplying infection. However, when body temperature reaches a critical point, it must be quickly and effectively brought down. Moms with experience are well versed in this matter and know how to bring down a high temperature in a child at home quickly and efficiently. But young mothers should become more familiar with this problem, which we propose to do.

Temperature Measurement Rules

Before using a thermometer, pay attention to its purity and the level of the mercury column (it must be necessarily lower than 36.6 degrees).

You can measure temperature in various ways:

  • By installing a thermometer under the arm or in the inguinal zone - the normal temperature is 36.6 ° C
  • Putting it in your mouth, then 37.1 ° C is considered the norm
  • Having placed the thermometer in the anus, deepening by two centimeters. In this case, the norm is 37.6 ° C.

The measurement result when using a mercury thermometer can be evaluated after ten minutes.

It is recommended to change the body temperature during illness at least three times a day - morning, afternoon and evening. Make sure that the measurement hours coincide day by day.

The temperature level is influenced by various factors - active physical activity, emotional instability and overheating. Therefore, try not to take measurements immediately after sleep, when the child moved a lot or cried. It’s best to wait a while for the measurement to be more accurate. In addition, a slightly elevated temperature can be a feature of the baby's body. To make sure of this, it is necessary to measure the body temperature of the child when he is absolutely healthy.

What temperature do you need to knock down?

This question is not answered unambiguously by many. Some argue that the temperature must be brought down at the slightest increase, especially if the child is sluggish and complains about well-being. Others believe that it is necessary to allow the immunity of a little man to cope with the problem on his own, and to bring down the temperature only in emergency cases.

Pediatricians have their own opinion on this matter, so we turn to it. There are two types of fever:

  • Red - in this case, the behavior of the baby does not differ from normal, he is active and interested in the game. Externally, you can evaluate the following points: the skin is pink, slight redness on the cheeks is possible, limbs are warm, or even hot if the temperature is very high. In this situation, experts advise not to take any action to lower the temperature if it has not reached thirty-eight degrees. This is especially true for children under the age of three. Older babies can be knocked down at thirty-nine degrees.
  • White - the child refuses to play and lay down on the bed on his own. The baby's skin becomes pale, and the limbs, even at high temperatures, remain cold. In this case, the reaction speed of the parents is important, because before you are all the prerequisites for the onset of seizures. Therefore, it is recommended not only to independently take measures to combat spasms and reduce temperature, but also to call a local doctor or ambulance.

It is also necessary to quickly begin to take measures if the crumbs have difficulty breathing, as well as with significant dehydration.

How to bring down a high temperature in a child at home quickly

Combining drug treatment and simple techniques to maintain the body of the crumbs in a comfortable state, you will quickly achieve the desired result. Let's start with tips that are simple to implement, but significantly increase productivity:

  1. Make sure cool air enters the room. Regular ventilation will not only reduce the temperature to the optimum value of twenty degrees, but also clean the room of microbes spreading through the air.
  2. So that the crumbs do not lose much moisture, try to regulate the humidity in the room. The main thing here is not to overdo it, focus on sixty percent of the humidity.
  3. In case of illness, it is necessary to drink a lot and often drink liquid, about how and how to properly drink the crumbs, we will tell a little below. By increasing the process of fluid circulation in the body, you also solve two problems at once: lower body temperature, and remove toxins.
  4. If a child refuses food, do not force him, to digest food, he needs a lot of energy, which the body of the crumbs is not ready to give. In addition, the process of splitting beneficial substances into components and their transfer throughout the body also affects the temperature level. If the baby agrees to eat food, try to ensure that its temperature does not exceed 38 degrees.
  5. If the child is hot - do not insistently wrap it in order to avoid heat stroke. Dress him in such a way that he feels neither heat nor cold.
  6. Not infrequently, even at high temperatures, children are highly active. Of course - this is joyful, but you need to stop the child’s attempts to endlessly jump around the room. Invite him to play more relaxed games, engage him in drawing, read, watch cartoons.
  7. A great way to lower the temperature and prevent dehydration is salt enemas. The composition of the mixture includes 250 ml of warm boiled water and two teaspoons of salt without a slide. Children under the age of three will need 200 ml of ready-made solution, preschool children - 350 ml, and schoolchildren - 750 ml. also as an effective enema, you can use a decoction of chamomile medicinal room temperature.
  8. In emergency cases, the baby is allowed to wrap the baby in a wet sheet or bath in a cool bath.

Please note that the temperature of the bath water must not be cold! The room temperature is quite suitable or the temperature is a bit cool, at least 33 degrees. The same goes for wrapping and applying compresses.

As for the drug components, paracetamol-containing preparations are most effective. They have anesthetic and antipyretic effect, however, in the case of a bacterial cause of the disease, these drugs are not effective. If you need to cope with inflammation and lower the temperature, it is best to use Nurofen and its analogues.

Try to alternate two different antipyretic drugs so as not to cause addiction to the body.

Prohibited heat-control techniques

Many mothers, when deciding how to bring down a high temperature in a child at home quickly, use well-known but far from safe methods. To date, information about them is not only outdated, but their negative effect on the patient has been proven, especially if it comes to a small child:

  • No dousing with cold water. Yes, this way you can quickly lower the temperature, but this is only surface efficiency. Using cold water allows you to cool only the skin, and so much so that the vessels inside the skin are narrowed to the maximum. As a result, the body itself will not only not cool down, but will not be able to continue to give off heat.

Water should be slightly cool, then the process of heat transfer will occur with greater efficiency.

  • You can not use vinegar or alcohol-containing mixtures for rubbing. This method, of course, helps to lower the temperature, but in the case of treating children, there are a number of risks. The baby's skin absorbs perfectly, therefore, acid from vinegar or the poisonous substances of their vodka or alcohol will also get into his body. This ability of the skin increases depending on the dryness of the skin.

Rubbing is allowed only with water or decoctions of chamomile. At the same time, its temperature should be the same as when bathing.

  • Many drugs are not intended for use in childhood, this also includes Aspirin, which is popular in our country. The thing is that it has a very negative effect on the liver, destroying it.

With a viral infection, the use of aspirin in half the cases threatens infant mortality!

  • Another popular and equally dangerous medicine for children is Analgin. In extreme cases, emergency doctors can use it, but its use alone threatens with a whole bunch of negative consequences.

Dehydration with colds and methods of struggle

During illness, the child needs a lot of fluid. The thing is, a large amount of toxins accumulates in the patient's body, which the body tries to remove as soon as possible. It can be done only with the help of a liquid that comes out with sweat, urine, mucus from the nasal cavity and frequent breathing. Thus, the body begins to dehydrate rapidly and as a result the total weight of the baby is lost.

It is necessary to control the amount of fluid in the body of the child, and not wait until the sputum in the bronchi becomes too thick and difficult to separate, and the lips are covered with a dry crust. With sufficient and frequent use of fluid, the health of the crumbs will quickly improve, and the disease will pass faster and easier.

It is important to persuade the baby to drink as often as possible, even if he does not want to. Naturally, this is not easy, you have to use your wits, think about a variety of drinks, given the preferences of the baby. Consider a few rules that you must adhere to in the fight against dehydration and high fever:

  • Do not drink it only with clean water or herbal teas.
  • When choosing a drink, try to please the child. It is more effective to use compotics, fruit drinks, natural juices, and uzvars for these purposes.
  • It is not necessary to drink the entire glass completely, it is better to drink in small portions, but often. If the baby is small, you can persuade him to drink a couple of sips of juice in a playful way.
  • If persuasion does not help, offer the child a juicy fruit or vegetable.
  • If the most important task is to solve the problem of dehydration, the temperature of the absorbed liquid should be the same as the baby's body.
  • If necessary, bring down a large body temperature, the drink should be at room temperature.
  • The lack of fluid in the body can be determined by the urine of the crumbs, a bright color indicates that a large amount of salts has accumulated during the abstinence, and therefore it is necessary to drink more.

Using the right methods, you can easily cope with the problem of how to bring down a high temperature in a child at home quickly. Each mother tries to do everything possible for her child, especially if it concerns the disease. Carefully listen to the instructions of the attending physician and engage in self-development, then your help will not harm him.

How to bring down the temperature of a baby 1 month

What to do at a temperature in a newborn - first aid for a child at a temperature

Child health is the most important thing for parents. Therefore, as soon as the child rises in temperature, the parents panic and wonder: what to do if the child has a fever?

If the baby became moody, eats badly, cries - this is the first bell to measure his temperature. The temperature can be determined by fixing the thermometer in the mouth, in the armpit, in the rectum . It must be remembered that the temperature in the newborn is considered normal within from 36ºС to 37ºС with permissible deviations of 0.5ºС.

Elevated temperature is the baby’s response to a foreign substance that enters the newborn’s body. therefore need to look at the behavior of the child . if the baby has not lost her appetite, is active, continues to play, then this temperature can not be brought down.

If you have identified a child with a high fever (the temperature rose above 38.5 ° C), then:

  • Call a doctor at home. If the baby has a high temperature and continues to grow, then, if possible, do not waste time, take the baby to the hospital yourself. In case of hyperthermic syndrome, when the body temperature is below 40 ° C, first aid should be given to the child (read below) in order to avoid negative consequences associated with the work of the brain and metabolism.
  • Create your baby comfortable conditions, i.e. ventilate the room. to saturate it with oxygen. Make sure that the temperature in the room is about 21 degrees (a higher temperature can cause the child to overheat). Humidify the air. If there is no humidifier, you can just hang a wet towel in the room or put a jar of water.
  • Do not put on a bunch of clothes on the baby. Leave a thin cotton blouse on it, remove the diaper that impedes normal heat transfer.
  • Give your baby more often (warm water, compote) or chest (every 5 to 10 minutes in small portions), as at high temperature, a large amount of fluid is lost in the infant. Drinking plenty of fluids will help to quickly “wash out” the toxins that form when viruses are present in the body.
  • Do not upset the baby. If the child began to cry, calm him down, give him what he wants. In a crying child, the temperature rises even more, and his health worsens significantly.
  • Rock baby. In a dream, an elevated temperature is tolerated much more easily.
  • If the temperature in the newborn is more than 39 ° C, you need wipe the brushes and legs of the baby with a napkin. dipped in clean warm (36 ° C) water. Only without vinegar, alcohol and vodka - they can cause a chemical burn on the baby’s delicate skin. The same compress can be put on the forehead of the baby and periodically change the heated napkins to cool ones. An analogue of a water compress can be a cabbage leaf compress. Such compresses help relieve the heat in the child.
  • At a temperature in a baby it is categorically impossible:
  • Putting enemas with cool water and completely wrapping the baby in wet tissue will cause cramps and muscle tremors.
  • Give medicines before the doctor arrives and consults him. All medication antipyretic drugs are toxic and if the dosage and frequency of admission are not properly observed, they are dangerous for complications, side effects and poisoning.
  • If, after the treatment prescribed by the doctor, the high temperature in the newborn continues to last for 2-3 days, then need to call a doctor again. to amend the treatment.


    Parents, Be alert to the baby’s symptoms! In situations concerning the health of your child, it is better to play it safe ten times, and not let the problem drift away, writing off the high temperature in the infant, for example, on teething. Be sure to call a doctor - he will establish the true cause of the heat.

    Colady.ru website warns: self-medication can harm the health of your baby! Diagnose and prescribe treatment should only be a doctor after examining the child. And therefore, with a rise in temperature in a child, be sure to consult a specialist!

    How to bring down the temperature in a baby?

    An increase in body temperature in an infant can turn into a whole tragedy if assistance is not provided in a timely manner. The baby’s thermoregulation center is formed until the age of 4, therefore, it can often react to adverse effects of hyperthermia up to 40º C. In order to instruct young parents about how to bring down the temperature in infants at home, we prepared this article.

    How to deal with hyperthermia at home?

    Various causes can cause an increase in body temperature: viral and bacterial infections, overheating, reaction to vaccination and teething. Pediatricians recommend lowering the temperature, which is above 38 °. Correctly measuring the body temperature of an infant is a rather difficult task. A more accurate indicator of temperature can be obtained by rectal measurement, you can also measure it in the folds, elbow, armpit and popliteal cavity.

    Every mother should have a first-aid kit with emergency care products for her child. Antipyretic drugs are an integral part of this first-aid kit, they are released in the form of candles and syrup. Preference is given to Efferalgan suppositories and Nurofen syrup, the active ingredient of which is paracetamol. These drugs are successfully used in the complex treatment of respiratory viral infections, as well as with hyperthermia after vaccination and with teething.

    How to bring down the temperature in infants with folk remedies?

    Of folk methods, wipes with warm water are widely used, in which you can add a little vinegar. Armpits, inguinal folds and popliteal fossae should definitely be passed. A plentiful drink from decoctions of herbs, raspberry jam. Be sure to humidify the air either with a humidifier or frequent wet cleaning.

    Таким образом, мы рассмотрели, как сбить температуру у грудного ребенка при прорезывании зубов и после прививки. Снижение высокой температуры очень важно, так как предотвращает развитие дегидратации и отека мозга.

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    Hilak Forte is known to all adults and children, primarily from television advertising. And is this drug so effective, and is it possible to give it to the smallest, you will not find out about this from the video. We will find out the answer to this question from doctors.

    The first thing parents need to do when a runny nose occurs in an infant is to clean its mucus from its nose. Further measures depend on the cause of the snot, and it is better if they are prescribed by a pediatrician.

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    Infant temperature

    When measuring body temperature in infants, parents can unknowingly panic. In babies up to 12 months, the thermometer often shows 37 ° C and above, which for an adult is a symptom of a cold. But in the case of infants, there is no reason for fear, since their thermoregulation system works differently.

    Below we will explain what temperature should be considered quite normal in infants aged 1,2,3,4,5 months. We will also tell you what to do if there is a need to quickly bring down the heat at home.

    Normal temperature in infants

    The usual 36.6 ° C is the standard temperature for adults and children from a year. For an early age, higher rates are characteristic, and they do not at all signal a poor state of health of the child.

    So, in the first days of life, all infants have a temperature of slightly more than 38 ° C, then it falls and can fluctuate between 36-38 ° C until the age of 12 months. Experts do not advise parents to take action and bring down the heat below 37.5 ° C.

    Note that the most correct method to measure the temperature as accurately as possible is to use rectal thermometers. In the anus of infants, the indicator will always be higher (approximately 0.7-0.8 ° C higher) than in the armpit. Such thermometers require especially careful handling in order to avoid injuries to the rectum of the child.

    In most cases, infants do not experience any discomfort from a temperature of up to 38 ° C. But this to a certain extent complicates the detection of a common cold - it begins without symptoms, which means that it is all the more important to carefully monitor the condition of the child.

    How to bring down the temperature in a baby

    Normal temperature in the baby - parents can determine only by frequent measurements. You can resort to medication antipyretics only in the most extreme case. The body of children under the age of one year easily tolerates such loads as a heat of 40 ° C.

    An alternative to medicines is the simplest folk remedies. They are very simple but effective.

    The most effective ways to bring down the temperature in the baby :

    • the use of “breathable clothes” - during the heat, sweating increases, and dense clothes can contribute to the greenhouse effect,
    • give the child a lot of drink - it is necessary to compensate for the loss of water due to intense sweating, the drink should be at room temperature,
    • ventilate the room - the standard temperature in the house is 20-24 ° C, a draft is unacceptable,
    • water enema - volume up to 100 ml, water temperature - 20 ° C,
    • wet compress - the fabric is wetted in water with a temperature of 20 ° C, and legs are wrapped in it during sleep,
    • rubbing the body with vinegar or alcohol mixture - vinegar or alcohol is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4.

    If you are unable to bring down the temperature above 38 ° C yourself, its growth is observed, immediately call a doctor.

    As you can see, unusual for adults high body temperature in infants is not a reason for panic. Heat below 37.5 ° C does not need to be knocked down in principle.

    Sources: http://www.colady.ru/chto-delat-pri-temperature-u-novorozhdennogo-pervaya-pomoshh-rebenku-pri-temperature.html, http://womanadvice.ru/kak-sbit-temperaturu- u-grudnichka, http://mamalysh.net/child/0-1/temperatura-u-grudnichka

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    High temperature in a baby and how to deal with it

    Elevated temperature in a child up to a year is a symptom that accompanies many diseases of an infectious or other nature. When the thermometer creeps up, we perceive this as a signal that we are sick, and take the necessary measures.

    However, the high temperature in the infant requires special attention, since the thermoregulation in the infant does not yet work perfectly. For this reason, each parent should know how to behave in such situations and what are the rules for first aid.

    Fever - is it always bad?

    Fever (fever) is not an independent disease, although this symptom can accompany many diseases. All fevers can be conditionally divided into:

    • infectious (the cause of the increase in body temperature are various pathogenic viruses, bacteria),
    • non-infectious (functional), the cause of which can be a variety of factors affecting the operation of the thermoregulation center. An increase in temperature can occur with various endocrine diseases as a result of the action of certain hormones, with dehydration, neurosis, increased physical and emotional activity, etc.

    The thermoregulation center is part of the central nervous system, located in the part of the brain - the hypothalamus, and regulates the processes of heat generation and heat transfer, responsible for maintaining a constant normal body temperature.

    In infectious fevers, an increase in body temperature plays a protective role. It is in such conditions that the growth and reproduction of bacteria decreases; for many viruses, the only fatal factor is high temperature. With a fever of up to 39 ° C, the human body actively produces immune defense proteins - immunoglobulins, and metabolic processes are activated. However, when a certain threshold is exceeded (for each person it is individual, but on average it is about 39-39.5 ° C), the protective function of the temperature reaction weakens. In such conditions, the supply of tissues with oxygen decreases, the basic processes of metabolism and vital functions of many body cells, primarily the central nervous and cardiovascular systems, suffer. Therefore, to a certain level, fever in itself is a protective factor, and only when this threshold is reached and exceeded is it necessary to use antipyretic methods that are part of symptomatic (i.e., eliminating painful symptoms) therapy.

    In cases of non-infectious fevers, elevated body temperature is only the response of the thermoregulation center to the effects of various factors (hormones, biologically active substances) and, as a rule, is not protective or compensatory in nature. Such fevers are usually not amenable to treatment with antipyretic drugs, therefore, therapy is aimed at eliminating a provoking factor (eliminating hormonal imbalance, sedatives, etc.).

    What temperature is considered normal?

    In a newly born baby, although most of the body systems are formed, they are functionally immature. This is true for the central nervous system, and for its part - the center of thermoregulation. Therefore, the processes of heat generation and its evolution are also imperfect. Newborns, especially premature ones, are extremely sensitive to environmental conditions - they easily overheat and easily freeze.

    Normal body temperature in newborns ranges from 37.0 + 0.5 ° C and depends on the place and time of measurement. The highest temperature values ​​are recorded from 18 to 22 pm, and the lowest body temperature is characteristic of the early morning hours. Temperature can be measured in the rectum (rectal temperature), in the armpit (axillary), in the mouth (oral), in the inguinal fold. The highest temperature is determined in the rectum, on average it does not exceed 37.6 ° C, although sometimes it can normally reach 38.0 ° C. This is approximately 1 ° C more than the axillary (axillary) temperature and 0.3-0.4 ° C higher than the temperature in the oral cavity. However, for each baby there is an individual temperature norm, which may differ from the general average. To determine the individual norm of your baby, you should measure his temperature when he is healthy, calm (in the absence of signs of malaise, illness) 3 times a day (morning, afternoon and evening). Babies up to 5-6 months are recommended to measure rectal temperature.

    First aid for a newborn at high temperature

    Fever in a baby is a common cause of parental anxiety. Is fever really so dangerous and what should be done at home if the baby is “on fire”?

    Fever - is it always bad?

    Fever (fever) is not an independent disease, although this symptom can accompany many diseases. All fevers can be conditionally divided into:

    • infectious (the cause of the increase in body temperature are various pathogenic viruses, bacteria),
    • non-infectious (functional), the cause of which can be a variety of factors affecting the operation of the thermoregulation center. An increase in temperature can occur with various endocrine diseases as a result of the action of certain hormones, with dehydration, neurosis, increased physical and emotional activity, etc.

    The thermoregulation center is part of the central nervous system, located in the part of the brain - the hypothalamus, and regulates the processes of heat generation and heat transfer, responsible for maintaining a constant normal body temperature.

    In infectious fevers, an increase in body temperature plays a protective role. It is in such conditions that the growth and reproduction of bacteria decreases; for many viruses, the only fatal factor is high temperature. With a fever of up to 39 ° C, the human body actively produces immune defense proteins - immunoglobulins, and metabolic processes are activated. However, when a certain threshold is exceeded (for each person it is individual, but on average it is about 39-39.5 ° C), the protective function of the temperature reaction weakens. In such conditions, the supply of tissues with oxygen decreases, the basic processes of metabolism and vital functions of many body cells, primarily the central nervous and cardiovascular systems, suffer. Therefore, to a certain level, fever in itself is a protective factor, and only when this threshold is reached and exceeded is it necessary to use antipyretic methods that are part of symptomatic (i.e., eliminating painful symptoms) therapy.

    In cases of non-infectious fevers, elevated body temperature is only the response of the thermoregulation center to the effects of various factors (hormones, biologically active substances) and, as a rule, is not protective or compensatory in nature. Such fevers are usually not amenable to treatment with antipyretic drugs, therefore, therapy is aimed at eliminating a provoking factor (eliminating hormonal imbalance, sedatives, etc.).

    What temperature is considered normal?

    In a newly born baby, although most of the body systems are formed, they are functionally immature. This is true for the central nervous system, and for its part - the center of thermoregulation. Therefore, the processes of heat generation and its evolution are also imperfect. Newborns, especially premature ones, are extremely sensitive to environmental conditions - they easily overheat and easily freeze.

    Normal body temperature in newborns ranges from 37.0 + 0.5 ° C and depends on the place and time of measurement. The highest temperature values ​​are recorded from 18 to 22 pm, and the lowest body temperature is characteristic of the early morning hours. Temperature can be measured in the rectum (rectal temperature), in the armpit (axillary), in the mouth (oral), in the inguinal fold. The highest temperature is determined in the rectum, on average it does not exceed 37.6 ° C, although sometimes it can normally reach 38.0 ° C. This is approximately 1 ° C more than the axillary (axillary) temperature and 0.3-0.4 ° C higher than the temperature in the oral cavity. However, for each baby there is an individual temperature norm, which may differ from the general average. To determine the individual norm of your baby, you should measure his temperature when he is healthy, calm (in the absence of signs of malaise, illness) 3 times a day (morning, afternoon and evening). Babies up to 5-6 months are recommended to measure rectal temperature.

    First aid for a newborn at high temperature

    The main rule: you must call a doctor for all newborns with fever! An increase in temperature of any level in a child’s age of less than three months is considered dangerous.

    Thermometers

    The most accurate instrument for determining temperature is a mercury thermometer. To measure rectal temperature, thermometers with a thick rounded mercury-containing flask are used. Modern electronic thermometers are faster and safer, but they can distort temperature readings by several tenths of a degree. When using ear thermometers, it is necessary to correctly position the sensor in the auricle, otherwise incorrect data may be obtained. Plate liquid crystal thermometers provide only approximate information about body temperature. Oral thermometers (for measuring the temperature in the oral cavity) can be used only from the age of 4-5 years of the child, and the problem of "cracking the device" remains relevant.

    General events

    All processes in newborns are developing rapidly, deterioration can occur very quickly. Therefore, for any alarming symptom (and an increase in temperature, of course, is one), you should immediately contact and consult a treating pediatrician or call an ambulance.

    It is imperative to call an ambulance if the measured temperature in the armpit is 39.0-39.5 ° С, and the rectal temperature exceeds 40.0 ° С. I must say that even with the diagnosis, a very high temperature is still dangerous because of the likelihood of the development of the so-called hyperthermic syndrome. At the same time, a rapid and inadequate increase in body temperature is observed, accompanied by impaired supply of organs and tissues with blood due to circulatory disorders in small vessels, up to impaired function of vital organs (brain, heart). One of the most striking manifestations of this syndrome is convulsions. Therefore, a significant increase in temperature in the baby requires special attention.

    In order to facilitate the well-being of the child, before the arrival and consultation of a doctor, parents can independently perform a number of activities.

    The first thing to do is to create a comfortable environment for the baby. The room must be ventilated. The air temperature in the room should be about 20 ° C (19-21 ° C). Due to the imperfection of the thermoregulation processes in a newborn, elevated temperature and humidity in the room can lead to overheating of the child. You can use a fan or air conditioning, avoiding the direct direction of the air stream to the crumbs.

    A kid with a fever should not be wrapped up. On the contrary, the child needs to be opened, put on him a light cotton blouse or jumpsuit. It is important to remember that a disposable diaper can cover up to 30% of the surface of the child’s body, interfering with normal sweating, heat transfer. Therefore, especially if it is not possible to lower the temperature in the room, it is better to remove the diaper from the newborn.

    How to measure temperature correctly

    It should be remembered that the temperature should be measured when the baby is calm, since crying, an excited state, overheating, physical activity contribute to an increase in body temperature. When measuring the temperature in the natural folds of the body (inguinal, armpit), they need to be thoroughly wiped, since moisture underestimates the thermometer. After crying, emotional or physical arousal of the child, you must wait at least 30 minutes. And measure the temperature in a calm state.

    To determine the rectal temperature in a newborn, you should put the baby on the back (you can sit on your lap), raise and remove the legs, as if washing, grease the skin of the anus with baby cream (you can also grease with a thin layer of cream and the thermometer flask, however, remember that a thick layer of grease can distort the performance of the device). After preliminary shaking off the mercury column below 36 ° C, you need to enter the thermometer into the anus to a depth of about 2 cm. Then, the baby's legs should be brought down and held in this position for at least 3 minutes.

    If it is not possible to measure the rectal temperature, the baby cries, calm him down, and after some time measure the temperature in the armpit. При этом ребенок может находиться у вас на руках. Измеренную температуру и время измерения необходимо записать, чтобы затем показать лечащему педиатру: составленный график температур (температурная кривая) может помочь при постановке диагноза.

    При увеличенной потере жидкости, что часто наблюдается при лихорадке, а также может усугубляться наличием рвоты, поноса, у новорожденных быстро развивается обезвоживание. Dehydration in and of itself can increase the baby’s body temperature. Drinking is the main method of dealing with dehydration. Breast-fed infants should be applied to the breast more often (there is a lot of water in human milk). In case of failure of the baby from milk, as well as babies who are breast-fed, should be offered fennel tea, boiled water. The liquid should be given in small quantities (for the first month baby - one teaspoon every 20-30 minutes), since a large volume of liquid drunk at the same time can independently provoke vomiting as a result of overstretching of the walls of the stomach. With severe dehydration, the doctor may prescribe special saline solutions for newborns. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required.

    Physical methods of temperature reduction

    As a first aid to children with fever, various physical methods of lowering the temperature are widely used. The basis of these methods is the increase in heat transfer.

    The most common way to reduce the temperature of a drug is to wipe it off. The newborn is stripped and wiped his body with napkins dipped in water with a temperature of 36-37 ° C. Wiping with water at a lower temperature can cause tremors, which, in turn, only contributes to an additional increase in body temperature.

    The baby is laid out on a diaper with an oilcloth underneath it. Water of the required temperature is located nearby. After wetting the napkin, squeeze it out, and then gently rub the child’s body from the periphery (starting from the handles, legs) to the center with careful non-rubbing movements. Light friction promotes reflex expansion of blood vessels, which improves heat transfer, and the evaporation of water enhances this process. Water should be periodically diluted with warmer, not allowing it to cool significantly and maintaining the water temperature close to normal body temperature.

    Wiping with a solution of alcohol, vinegar or vodka is currently not recommended, since inhaling the vapors of these substances can be unsafe for the child, and intensive evaporation can provoke muscle tremors and increase the temperature.

    You can put a cool compress on your crumbs - a napkin dipped in room temperature water. It is necessary to periodically wet the napkin with water so that the compress does not turn into a warming one.

    At present, wrappers with a wet sheet are practically not used, since this makes sweating difficult - a natural way of heat transfer. Body temperature will decrease faster with open skin. Rarely used are enemas with cool water.

    In cases of very high temperature (above 39.5 ° C), pieces of ice wrapped in tissue are placed on the area of ​​large vessels (in the groin, in the armpits, popliteal and elbow bends, on the temporal and carotid arteries) in order to increase and accelerate heat transfer. There are special freezing gels, bags or warmers with which you can also use in such situations.

    Drug treatment

    The main rule is that medications can be given to a newborn only on the recommendation of a treating pediatrician. In no case should you focus on your personal, previous experience or the extensive experience of grandmothers, neighbors and acquaintances. Each situation should be assessed by a pediatrician and, taking into account all the indications and contraindications, prescribe the appropriate treatment in the required dosage.

    In cases of non-infectious fever, these may include recommendations on the regimen, care of the newborn, correction of feedings, drinking regimen, etc. Sometimes additional diagnostics may be required to establish the cause of the fever in the newborn.

    In case of infectious fevers, the doctor will prescribe a treatment aimed at suppressing the pathogenic agent - viruses or bacteria. In viral diseases, this may be the appointment Interferon or product enhancers Interferon in the body, with diseases caused by bacteria, antibiotics are prescribed. The question of the need to use antipyretic drugs (antipyretics) in a baby younger than 1 month old (newborn) is decided by the attending physician.

    Currently, in pediatric practice the most commonly used antipyretic drugs, the active substance in which is either Paracetamoleither Ibuprofen. These are the safest (especially ibuprofen), effective and well-studied antipyretics that are approved for use in children from 6 months. For children under this age, the question of application Paracetamol or Ibuprofen decided by the attending physician depending on the specific situation. The drugs are used in the form of suspensions, syrups or rectal suppositories.

    Particular attention should be paid to a single and daily dosage of the drug (it is calculated on the real weight of the baby). Exceeding the dose of the drug can cause various, sometimes very serious, side effects and toxic reactions. So, for example, an overdose Paracetamol causes toxic damage to the liver and kidneys.

    Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin), however, research data have revealed a relationship between administration Aspirin with viral diseases in children and the development of Reye's syndrome - severe damage to the brain and liver. Therefore at present Aspirin not recommended for children under 15 years of age.

    Analgin (metamizole) is still produced by Russian pharmaceutical companies, although in many countries the use of this drug is prohibited or severely limited. This is due to severe adverse reactions caused by Analgin: serious disorders of blood formation, anaphylactic shock (allergic shock reaction), immune damage to the liver, lungs, kidneys. Since 1992, the Pharmacological Committee of the Russian Federation decided to limit the use of metamizole for children and adolescents under 18 years of age. However, it should be noted that emergency and emergency doctors, if necessary, successfully use this drug for infants.

    Amidopyrine and Phenacetin since the 60s of the XX century they have been removed from the list of antipyretic drugs due to severe toxic reactions and inhibition of hematopoiesis against the background of their use. However, the production of these drugs in our country has not yet been discontinued.

    The effect of antipyretic drugs can be evaluated after 30-40 minutes. after taking them. On average, they lower the temperature by 0.5-1.5 ° C, but the effect largely depends on the individual sensitivity to the drug.

    Once again, it should be recalled that fever is only a symptom that indicates a change in the functioning of the body's thermoregulation mechanisms. Therefore, therapy should primarily be aimed at eliminating the causes of fever. Antipyretic drugs are an auxiliary, symptomatic treatment that improves the well-being of the patient.

    The benefits of heat

    If the thermometer shows more than 37 O C, be aware that most viruses pause or stop their reproduction. And when the figure is above 38 O C, our main defenders, interferons, begin to be produced, and the higher the thermometer readings, the more they are produced.


    Fever is a good sign of fighting the infection.

    During heat, the effectiveness of phagocytosis (the process by which immune cells capture and destroy invading "outsiders") increases. Moreover, under the influence of high temperature, appetite decreases and motor activity is limited. Thus, all the forces and energy are aimed at combating the infection.

    "Underwater rocks"

    But there is a downside. The heat, as a rule, is accompanied by increased sweating and rapid surface breathing, which leads to fluid loss, and such a condition is dangerous for a newborn. Due to dehydration, the blood thickens, and the mucous membranes dry out. The effect of drugs is reduced.

    The temperature in a child up to a year is also dangerous because it can provoke febrile convulsions. In particular, this applies to newborns with diseases of the nervous system. And, finally, everyone in the house is in tension, because the baby cannot say how he feels, whether he is cold or hot, whether he wants to drink, etc.

    Varieties of fever

    Based on the temperature, these types of fever are distinguished:

    1. Low-grade - 37.1-38 O C. In children under 3 years to 37, 2 O C is considered normal. At an older age, a prolonged increase in these limits often indicates a reduced immunity. They don’t shoot her down.
    2. Febrile - 38.1-39 O C. The most favorable reaction of the body, in which protective mechanisms are triggered. As a rule, they do not shoot her down. However, in the treatment of children there are a number of exceptions, which we will discuss later.
    3. Pyrethic - 39.1-41 O C. Such a development of events is unfavorable and does not bear any benefit. The temperature must be knocked down, otherwise convulsions may occur.
    4. Hyperpyretic - above 41 O C. Life-threatening temperature, indicating the severity of the disease.

    Parents should also know that with exactly the same indicators on a thermometer, the body's reaction can be different. In view of this, the fever is classified into “pink” and “white”.

    Pink fever most favorable, since the vessels under the skin are dilated properly, which means that heat transfer occurs in a timely manner. To determine the type of fever, you need to know the symptoms:

    • the skin is pink, warm, slightly moist, the child feels normal,
    • the difference between axillary and rectal temperature is not more than 1 degree,
    • with increasing degrees, palpitations and respiration are moderately increased.


    Depending on the type of fever, the baby needs to either be warmed or cooled

    "White" fever occurs when heat production exceeds heat transfer, because of which the body has nowhere to put excess heat. Symptoms

    • the child feels bad, he is in a fever,
    • the skin is pale, marbled, the lips are cyanotic,
    • the difference between axillary and rectal temperature is more than 1 degree,
    • too fast heartbeat
    • high temperature remains for a long time.

    If such symptoms are present, help should be provided immediately. In addition to antipyretic drugs, antiallergic and antispasmodic drugs are prescribed to relieve vasospasm and accelerate their expansion. Give half a tablet of No-shpa and carefully rub the cold parts of the limbs of the child with your hands.

    When to bring down the temperature

    Depending on the well-being of the baby, a decision is made when to bring down the temperature, and when you can still wait. With the symptoms of “pink fever” it will cool the body properly: wipe it with a damp towel, take a bath (where the water is a degree lower than body temperature), put small bottles of water at room temperature (axillary and inguinal area) in the passage of large vessels.

    Do not overly wrap the patient, provide him with an influx of fresh air and make sure that there is sufficient humidity in the room. Different sources give conflicting statements about when to bring down the temperature. Most pediatricians agree with the statement that children under 3 years old need to lower the temperature when the thermometer shows more than 38 O C. 38.5 O C. is acceptable for older children.

    Everything is different with a "white" fever. The child is shivering, therefore, on the contrary, it needs to be covered more warmly and allowed to sweat. In no case should you rub with pale skin and cold hands. Vessels, therefore, give off heat poorly, and when cold exposed, they are completely spasmodic. If there is no normal heat transfer, the temperature of the internal organs increases. In this case, even a temperature of 37.5 O C can serve as an indication for taking antipyretic drugs.

    How to shoot down

    Let's talk about which drugs are used at a child’s temperature for up to a year. Most often they are available in the following forms: suspensions, suppositories, and occasionally injections. When we talk about children, first of all, the drug should be safe, and, of course, effective. In the arsenal of doctors most often use one of two antipyretic drugs:

    1. Paracetamol (Efferalgan, Panadol, Pamol, Tylenol). It has a good antipyretic and analgesic effect, but, unlike ibuprofen, there is no anti-inflammatory effect. Therefore, paracetamol helps only with viral infections. If the temperature in infants needs to be brought down quickly, it is recommended to take paracetamol in the form of a syrup. Candles provide a longer action and are given when the temperature does not go off scale. Another indication in which candles are preferable is vomiting. According to the instructions, the drug is allowed from 2 months of age.
    2. Ibuprofen (Nurofen, Ibufen, Bonifen). Effective antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic medicine. A universal drug that helps with both viral and bacterial infections. Approved for use from 3 months of age.


    Antipyretic can even be chosen to taste

    As an ambulance option, we use analgin. Despite the fact that it is banned in many countries due to serious side effects, the drug lowers the temperature where the above funds did not cope with the task. When the child has a strong temperament, the ambulance team makes an injection of “triplet”: analgin, papaverine (antispasmodic) and diphenhydramine (antihistamine, antiemetic).

    As for everyone's beloved aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), it is strictly forbidden for a baby to take it! In infancy, it can lead to spasm of the bronchi, gastric ulcer and Reye's syndrome. The excellent antipyretic nimesulide is also contraindicated in children under 12 years old!

    And what if the temperature rises in a newborn who is barely a month old, because according to the instructions the medicine can not be used yet. There are two options:

    1. Call an ambulance.
    2. Give paracetamol or ibuprofen at your own risk. It is always necessary to assess the situation comprehensively: if it threatens life, choose the lesser of evils. Call your local pediatrician as soon as possible.

    When to shoot down necessarily

    In some circumstances, heat must be dealt with urgently. They knock down the temperature without fail:

    • children under 3 years old when it is above 38 O C, in other cases - if above 39 O C,
    • it's hard for a baby to breathe
    • there is dehydration due to vomiting, diarrhea, refusal to drink,
    • febrile convulsions against the background of increasing temperature, nervous diseases were previously noted.

    Any fever up to 37.5 O C, which lasts more than 3 days, requires medical advice.


    To prevent dehydration, you need to often and plentifully drink the baby

    General principles of heat relief

    We advise you to read: How to measure the temperature in a newborn?

    1. Drink plenty. If the baby is breastfeeding, apply it to the breast as often as possible. In addition, broths, compotes or even water are suitable. If the child does not want to drink or there is a gag reflex, give a teaspoon of the liquid every 2-3 minutes for 2 hours. It is necessary to ensure that the color of urine becomes light yellow and urination is not uncommon.
    2. Humid and cool air. Important indicators for normal heat transfer. It is optimal to maintain humidity at 60% and air temperature +20 O C.
    3. Bed rest. Children even at 39 O C can crawl and jump, depending on age. Nevertheless, excess movements increase heat production, which is now so high. Sleep and a horizontal position contribute to recovery.
    4. Do not force feed. As a rule, in such situations, the appetite is reduced - the body is busy with a completely different one. Therefore, do not be upset if the baby refused to feed, both in the morning and in the evening. This is absolutely normal. Even if he expresses a desire to eat, the portions should be small, and the food is easily digestible.
    5. Light clothing and exposed skin so that the body has the ability to lose heat. In this case, the child should not freeze.
    6. Rubbing with alcohol, vinegar, a cold towel is not recommended.
    7. When taking antipyretic drugs, you need to remember about the daily dose and not exceed it. That is, if you have already given nurofen 3 times a day, but there is a need to still bring down the temperature, give panadol. It is advisable to have both drugs “in reserve” in a home medicine cabinet.
    8. Especially monitor the temperature of a monthly baby at night. If necessary, alternate candles with syrups.

    High temperature in infants: what to do and how to bring down

    Elevated body temperature in an infant is not a disease in itself, it is only a symptom of the disease. Common causes of fever in newborns are acute bacterial and viral infections. Also, the temperature can jump from overheating, emotional stress, dehydration, the reaction to vaccination, teething, central nervous system damage.

    It is known that at temperatures up to 39 ° С almost all known viruses and bacteria die, polluting the body. In this case, intoxication appears and, as a result, the temperature rises, which activates the immune system.

    Observe the condition of the child

    At a high body temperature in an infant, one needs to focus not only on a thermometer, but also on the baby's behavior. Если в целом состояние новорожденного нормальное и поведение адекватное – снижать температуру медицинскими препаратами не стоит торопиться.

    Experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend that you do not lower the temperature by taking the medicine, even if it reaches the limits of 39 ° C, provided that the child tolerates it normally and remains active. You can try to reduce it physically - remove from the child an additional layer of clothing or strip completely (air baths), ventilate the room, wipe with cool water.

    But if the baby is pale, her palms and feet are cold, inappropriate behavior (apathetic, capricious, refuses to eat or drink), and a temperature of around 38 - most likely, you can not do without the help of a doctor and medications.

    There is a separate category of children in whom it is better not to allow the temperature to rise to 38 ° C. It:

    • the baby of the first two months of life,
    • a child who has had cramps in previous high fevers,
    • children with chronic diseases.

    Check out the article: how to measure the temperature of a newborn baby (Rules and methods for measuring temperature in newborns: in the armpit with a mercury or digital thermometer, rectally, frontal thermometer, nipple thermometer, in the ear with an ear thermometer.)

    Temperature 37 ° С

    If the baby has a temperature of 37 ° C, the child is active, eats well, he has normal stools - do not worry, because this may be an individual feature and does not require any additional treatment, as in children of the first year of life, the function of thermoregulation has not yet fully formed and they are capable of both quickly overheating and supercooling. (See: Infant has a temperature of 37)

    Temperature 38 ° С

    The body temperature of a newborn 38 ° C is a protective function of the body. Usually, kids always tolerate it well enough, continue to be active, have a good appetite, arms and legs are warm. In this case, the child should be given more warm drink, it is advisable to make infusions of herbs to improve and maintain the general condition of the crumbs. It is not worthwhile to achieve a mandatory decrease in temperature, because it is in the range from 38 to 39 ° C that the body's protective immune functions are turned on. Observing a child, you can temporarily abstain from the use of medications.

    What to do at high temperature

    How to provide first aid if the baby continues to have a high temperature, what should be done to alleviate the condition of the baby and how to bring down the fever?

    1. Provide the child with a plentiful drink, it is possible on herbal infusions that lower the fever.
    2. If the baby is breastfeeding, often put it on the chest. Breast milk provides enough moisture for the baby.
    3. Make sure that the baby is dressed according to the temperature in the room, as an additional layer of clothing will only increase body temperature due to overheating.
    4. It is recommended to do air baths. Undress the child to the goal (remove the diaper) and let the baby lie down naked for 10-15 minutes.
    5. Put a cool napkin on your forehead.

    Antipyretics for the smallest

    The main requirement for choosing an antipyretic medicine for infants is, first of all, safety and effectiveness. WHO recommends only paracetamol (Panadol, Efferalgan) (there may be a suspension, syrup, suppository) and ibuprofen (nurofen, ibufen), fully meeting safety requirements, allowed for children from the first months of life for use at home and in the hospital.

    Giving babies aspirin is prohibited, due to the strong side effects for the child's body.

    But if your child has a high fever for the first time, it will still be better to refrain from using the medicine on your own and get a doctor’s recommendation.

    On the topic of temperature:

    We recommend watching the video:

    Video: how to measure the temperature of a child:

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