The life of a hermit, given the real hermitage, will in many ways be similar to the life of hunters, hunters, fishermen, loggers, and so on, who live in small houses, winter houses, during fishing periods. Of course, it’s difficult to call their buildings a house in the usual sense of the word, but in a place with that, these are full-fledged houses with all the attributes for a full-fledged life, like a fisherman, or in our case, a long-term hermit's residence.
These houses are usually not large, and do not represent any value to the authorities, and are not considered the housing for which you need a permit for construction and paperwork, but at the same time, of course, there are no guarantees that your house will not be demolished if it does not please the authorities, or other persons. In order to avoid problems with the authorities and other people as much as possible, the house needs to be built small, and in an area that is not of any interest to others, that is, a dull, impassable area that no kama needs, it is just suitable for the hermit .
The terrain itself, where the house will be built, should be as open or semi-open as possible, since building a house in the forest itself has its inconvenience for later life. The main problem of life in the forest is high humidity, a small amount of sun, and vultures (camaras and midges). Humidity is especially high in forests with marshland, in lowlands along rivers and lakes, and in dense forests with undergrowth. In such places, living constantly is extremely inconvenient and even dangerous for health, constant humidity is constant dampness in the house which you can’t get rid of, even if you constantly heat the stove
There are also problems with the storage and drying of clothes, from dampness it will rot more than dry, because in such places the clothes dry for days and still do not dry out completely, due to the small amount of sun and wind, or even complete absence. Also in the forest, even if it’s rare, it’s very difficult to grow something, that is, to create a garden in the forest and grow vegetables there is unrealistic due to the very small amount of sun, which is not so much in the north, but several times less in the forest than open area.
Forest houses, of course, are less than a replacement in terms of secrecy, but the hermit will still leave a lot of traces around the district, which all the same sooner or later will find the same hunters, etc., which means that if the area visited is useless to hide, it’s still traces they will lead, and if it’s a wilderness, then there’s no one to hide from, and they won’t find the house in the open.
It is better to choose a place for the house in an open or at least half-open area, these are large forest glades, gaps, open banks of rivers and lakes, where there is no lack of sun and wind, and humidity is several times less, which means there will be no dampness, and the breeze will be well ventilated and dry clothes.
The best places are those located at a short distance from the forest or a place along the banks of the river or lake, taking into account that the shore itself will be protected from strong winds in winter, just like the forest if it is built on the edge of the forest. This will be the sun and the wind, and the presence in the immediate vicinity of the reservoir, will provide you and your garden with water, it is also fishing and hunting, as many different birds and animals live in the vicinity of the reservoirs.
And you can mask the house from unnecessary eyes by building it in natural lowlands behind the hills, or by elevation so that the house is not visible from far, neither from the river, nor from other places from where you can see, in general, the terrain will hide from the view.
You will also agree much more pleasantly when the first warm rays of the morning sun penetrate the window and illuminate the whole house with their warm light, and everything immediately comes to life in the house, and the light fills everything in it, but this will not happen in the forest, the sun is showing because of the tops of trees only at dinner, he will shine a little and again behind the trees, you will not admire the evening dawn.
ON THE DIGGER
I would not recommend living in a dugout at all, since the dugout is especially in winter, it’s essentially a mink in a huge damp refrigerator that you won’t heat the swamps anyway, because the volume of soil is very large, and in winter the soil is very cold, and how many walls of the dugout don’t warm up, they cool all the same quickly, due to the transfer of heat to the ground, and therefore the walls will always be cold.
Because of this, the heated air in the dugout will cool off quickly from the walls, and due to humidity and temperature differences, condensation will form, especially in severe frosts, and because of this, cold and damp walls, and then fungus-rotting of log walls will go .
Also, in the summer during the rainy season and in the spring during snowmelt, the dugout will have very high humidity and dampness, which is fraught with colds, and even serious skin diseases, ulcers. The dugout is more suitable for dry, open areas, possibly in steppe areas where shelter is needed from the wind.
The dugout can be suitable as temporary housing for a short period in an extreme case, and it is better to make housing on the surface, it will be warmer and drier, such as a small log cabin.
Further continued Construction, procurement of material, foundation for the winter house.